TM30 reporting in Thailand has left many landlords and foreign tenants wondering what to do. The obligations and the intricate nature of these reporting regulations can be baffling, and the resulting confusion and anxiety have led to discussions regarding its enforcement. To help clear up this situation, our article aims to clarify the crucial aspects of TM30 reporting to navigate the requirements effectively.
What Exactly Is TM30?
The TM30 report, ingrained within the Immigration Act since 1979, necessitates landlords to promptly notify Thai immigration about the presence of foreign residents within their premises. Landlords bear the responsibility of reporting within a fine margin of a 24-hour window after the arrival of a foreign tenant. Failure to adhere to this reporting could result in repercussions, which we’ll explore further.
Landlord’s Duties & Responsibilities under TM30
Landlords renting properties to foreign tenants shoulder the responsibility for accurately completing and submitting the TM30 report. This obligation extends to all foreign nationals, encompassing various visa holders such as Non-Immigrant B Visas, Retirement Visas, Student Visas, and Spouse Visas. Notably, the onus doesn’t fall upon the foreign tenants to file this report, however it may impact the tenant’s visa application or renewal attempts.
The Ramifications of Failing to File TM30
Failure to comply with TM30 reporting can lead to fines ranging from 800 to 2000 Baht. While these fines may seem minor, they could affect your tenant’s Thailand residency status and future visa applications. In some cases, Thai immigration officials may request TM30 reports for processing visa renewals, though this practice’s enforcement remains uncertain. To avoid any complications, always ensure timely TM30 reporting.
Do I Need TM30 for Visa Extension?
Whether you are a guest or tenant, it’s crucial not to overlook the TM30 process. From personal experiences shared by many foreigners, it’s apparent that compliance with TM30 reporting becomes essential, especially when visiting the Immigration office for various services, such as the 90-day reporting or even when applying for visa extensions. Ignoring TM30 could potentially lead to unforeseen obstacles in official procedures, so staying up to date and fulfilling this obligation is paramount for a smooth experience with immigration-related matters.
Possibility of TM30 Cancellation: An Ongoing Debate
Many stakeholders, including foreign business and trade associations, have called for the cancellation of TM30 regulations due to the challenges they pose for both foreigners and Thai landlords. Prominent organizations like the Joint Foreign Chambers of Commerce in Thailand and the European Association for Business & Commerce (EABC) have expressed concerns about the impact of these regulations on foreign businesses. The pressure from these entities has notably influenced the discourse around the challenges faced by both foreign tenants and local landlords in complying with these regulations, however at this stage it’s a case of “watch this space”.
Navigating TM30 Registration: What You Need
Landlords or representatives must furnish specific documents for TM30 registration:
- Completed TM30 report.
- Copy of the landlord’s ID or passport.
- Copy of a household registration book (ทะเบียนบ้าน) or title deed (โฉนด).
- Copy of the rental agreement or land sale contract (in case of a long lease).
Leaseholders, on the other hand, are required to provide:
- Copy of the foreign leaseholder’s passport (photo & information page, visa page, arrival stamp page).
- Copy of the departure card (TM6) – only if you have arrived in Thailand by land or sea; it is no longer needed for arrivals by air.
Remember that all documents should be completed using blue or black ink only.
Submission Methods and Recommendations:
You have two options for document submission:
- Submitting the documents to the relevant immigration office, which must include a return envelope to receive a stamped notification of stay receipt (processing can take 2-4 weeks).
- Visiting the immigration office in person for a more direct approach. Some runners and messengers offer informal registration services for a fee.
- Registering and submitting your application via the online app or website.
Submitting these documents can be executed through various means. Landlords can opt for direct physical submission at immigration offices, employing runners or messengers for a nominal fee, or utilizing the online app or website. While physical submission is viable, the app offers a swifter and more convenient process, especially for non-Thai speakers.
Next Steps in TM30 Reporting
Comprehending the nuances of TM30 reporting is pivotal for both landlords and foreign tenants in Thailand. By fulfilling the requisite documentation and ensuring timely submission, navigating this regulatory landscape can be streamlined.
We hope this guide sheds light on the intricacies of TM30 reporting, providing clarity amid the ambiguity surrounding these regulations in Thailand. If you have any further questions to support your understanding and adhering to these processes for both landlords and foreign tenants alike and any visa implications, please do not hesitate to contact Thai Visa Expert.